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The problem of racial profiling in the united states

Racial profiling and excessive force by police are unconstitutional. But they're still happening.

Background[ edit ] In the weeks following September 11, 2001, federalstate and local law enforcement officials investigated those responsible for the September 11 attacks during which nearly 3,000 people died.

They assessed the United States's vulnerability to future acts of terrorism. Investigations showed the suspects of the crime to be of Middle Eastern origin. In the wake of the September 11 attacks, US officials responded to the fears of air travelers by reinforcing security. Despite more thorough investigation of baggage and increased security staffing, there were so many vast open spaces, exits and entrances at airport hubs that prevention of incidents was problematic.

Los Angeles International Airport was recently found to be the most vulnerable to infiltration in the US when it comes to smuggling weapons.

Airport racial profiling in the United States

The test, which checked security at America's 32 biggest airports, was carried out in June by the Transportation Security Administration TSAwhich assumed responsibility for airport security. He was going to the federal court to challenge a screening technique used around the country that looks at suspicious behavior patterns to identify potential terrorists.

He has sued the Massachusetts Port Authoritywhich operates the airport, and the Massachusetts State Policeciting they violated his constitutional rights. Downing, who is black and wears a short beard, believes he was targeted because of his race. In his lawsuitDowning alleges the behavioral screening system used at Logan Airport encourages racial profiling. His lawsuit also seeks a ruling to declare airport racial profiling as unconstitutional.

Oppression in America: 'To root this out we need a movement against racist policies'

In 2002, after the September 11 attack on the US, Logan Airport began a program called "Behavior Assessment Screening System" which allows police to question passengers whose behavior appears to be "suspicious". Logan was the first airport in the country to use the system. In its 1968 Fourth Amendment ruling, Terry v.

  • Department of Justice has concluded that a number of major police departments have engaged in a pattern or practice of excessive force;
  • But recommendations are not enough;
  • Department of Justice unveiled a newly revised guide on use of profiling by law enforcement , distinguishing between legitimate uses such as using race and other characteristics in a suspect description and illegitimate uses such as criminal stereotypes;
  • Civil rights groups have been calling for this updated guide for years.

Ohiothe U. Supreme Court found that reasonable, articulable suspicion was sufficient grounds for a police officer to briefly stop and question a citizen.

Open Society Foundations

They ruled that such suspicion must not be based on the officer's "inchoate and unparticularized suspicion or 'hunch,' but on the specific reasonable inferences which he is entitled to draw from the facts in light of his experience". Terry employed a "totality of circumstances" test to determine the reasonableness of police investigatory stops.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September 2016 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Obama administration 's decision to heighten airport security for passengers while traveling to the US from 14 nations triggered a backlash of complaints from Muslim and privacy groups[ which?

Bushsaid "airports need to be 'profiling' based on behavior even though it's a 'dirty word.