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The kurdish people and a history of war

Kurdish History

Over the millennia, numerous ethnicities have migrated, settled or natively inhabited the area including Turks, Persians, Arabs, Kurds, Armenians, Assyrians, Chechens, Azeris and others. Their traditional nomadic lifestyle and the inhospitable mountain homeland provide a natural means to evade marauding armies that would subject indigenous people to rape, murder and genocide.

Kurdish History in the 20th Century With the advent of the Twentieth Century, nationalist movements gained traction in the Middle East. The Turks, Arabs, Persians, Kurds, Armenians and Azeris were all advocating and fighting for national homelands after being subjugated by the Ottoman Empire for hundreds of years.

History of the Kurds

The former provinces of Syria and Mesopotamia under the Ottoman Empire would be divided into five nation-states: At the end of the War, the Treaty of Sevres was drafted to deal with the dissolution and partition of the Ottoman Empire. The Treaty of Sevres was rejected by the new Turkish Republic, and a new treaty The Treaty of Lausanne was negotiated and signed in 1923. The Treaty of Lausanne annulled the Treaty of Sevres, giving control of the entire Anatolian peninsula to the new Turkish Republic including the Kurdistan homeland in Turkey.

The history of Kurdistan: why Britain owes a debt to the Kurdish people

There was no provision in the new treaty for a referendum for Kurdish independence or autonomy. However, supply routes were blockaded by the Iraqis and the Kurds suffered great hardship. In 1992, an alliance of political parties, the Iraqi Kurdistan Front, held parliamentary and presidential elections. The KRG is a secular government modeled along the lines of modern independent nation-state in a federation with the rest of Iraq.

The first organization was formed in Erbil and the second in Suleimaniah.

Who are the Kurds?

In 2003, the Americans invaded Iraq and the Peshmerga the military forces of Iraqi Kurdistan joined in the fight to overthrow Saddam Hussein. After Hussein was driven from office, the Iraqis, in a national referendum, approved a new constitution.

Other minority nation-states who have established their own nation-state in the region have done so with the support of a superpower: The Peshmerga is defending and attempting to retake cities which were previously under the control of the Kurds. The Peshmerga, which also includes women, has shown to be an effective fighting force, but have few resources against what appears to be a well-financed and growing ISIS army.

Make informed decisions with the FT.

Given the history of the region and the geographic significance of Kurdistan as one of the crossroads of the Middle East, the potential for continued conflict is extremely high. If Kurdistan hopes to survive as an independent nation-state, it must prove to be strong enough to defend itself against the inevitable existential threats that will present itself and establish peaceful relationships with its neighbors despite a history of conflict, distrust and grievances.

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