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Too many american are overly concerned with being physically fit

Key facts Insufficient physical activity is one of the leading risk factors for death worldwide.

Physical activity in older age: perspectives for healthy ageing and frailty

Insufficient physical activity is a key risk factor for noncommunicable diseases NCDs such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes. Physical activity has significant health benefits and contributes to prevent NCDs.

Globally, 1 in 4 adults is not active enough. What is physical activity?

  • Physically active women have a lower risk of breast cancer than do people who are not active;
  • French Find articles by David P;
  • Likewise, an increase in the use of "passive" modes of transportation also contributes to insufficient physical activity;
  • However, the exact amount of physical activity needed to do this is not clear since it varies greatly from person to person;
  • For more information, visit Healthy Weight;
  • Received 2015 Jul 13; Accepted 2016 Feb 19.

WHO defines physical activity as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure — including activities undertaken while working, playing, carrying out household chores, travelling, and engaging in recreational pursuits. The term "physical activity" should not be confused with "exercise", which is a subcategory of physical activity that is planned, structured, repetitive, and aims to improve or maintain one or more components of physical fitness.

Further, both moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity improve health. How much of physical activity is recommended? Children and adolescents aged 5-17years Should do at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.

Physical activity of amounts greater than 60 minutes daily will provide additional health benefits. Should include activities that strengthen muscle and bone, at least 3 times per week.

Adults aged 18—64 years Should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity throughout the week, or do at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity throughout the week, or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity. For additional health benefits, adults should increase their moderate-intensity physical activity to 300 minutes per week, or equivalent. Muscle-strengthening activities should be done involving major muscle groups on 2 or more days a week.

Adults aged 65 years and above Should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity throughout the week, or at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity throughout the week, or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity. For additional health benefits, they should increase moderate-intensity physical activity to 300 minutes per week, or equivalent.

Those with poor mobility should perform physical activity to enhance balance and prevent falls, 3 or more days per week.

Muscle-strengthening activities should be done involving major muscle groups, 2 or more days a week. The intensity of different forms of physical activity varies between people.

Physical activity

In order to be beneficial for cardiorespiratory health, all activity should be performed in bouts of at least 10 minutes duration.

Benefits of physical activity and risk of insufficient physical activity Regular physical activity of moderate intensity — such as walking, cycling, or doing sports — has significant benefits for health.

At all ages, the benefits of being physically active outweigh potential harm, for example through accidents. Some physical activity is better than doing none.

Physical Activity and Health

By becoming more active throughout the day in relatively simple ways, people can quite easily achieve the recommended activity levels. Regular and adequate levels of physical activity: Insufficient physical activity is one of the leading risk factors for global mortality and is on the rise in many countries, adding to the burden of NCDs and affecting general health worldwide.

  • There are many ways to add exercise to the week, from several long, sweaty stretches at the gym to 10-minute activity bits scattered across each day;
  • Regular physical activity can help control your blood glucose levels;
  • For additional health benefits, they should increase moderate-intensity physical activity to 300 minutes per week, or equivalent.

Low or decreasing physical activity levels often correspond with a high or rising gross national product. The drop in physical activity is partly due to inaction during leisure time and sedentary behaviour on the job and at home. Likewise, an increase in the use of "passive" modes of transportation also contributes to insufficient physical activity.

Several environmental factors which are linked to urbanization can discourage people from becoming more active, such as: How to increase physical activity? Countries and communities must take action to provide individuals with more opportunities to be active, in order to increase physical activity.

Policies to increase physical activity aim to ensure that: National and local authorities are also adopting policies in a range of sectors to promote and facilitate physical activity.

The Strategy urges stakeholders to take action at global, regional and local levels to increase physical activity. It proposes different policy options to reach the recommended levels of physical activity globally, such as: This questionnaire helps countries monitor insufficient physical activity as one of the main NCD risk factors.

Global physical activity surveillance A module to assess insufficient physical activity among schoolchildren has been integrated into the Global school-based student health survey GSHS. A sector specific toolkit is under development by WHO to assist Member States implement actions and achieve the targets.