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The prevalent issue of violence in the modern society of the united states

It cuts across boundaries of wealth, race and culture. International and regional legal instruments have clarified t he obligations of States to prevent, eradicate and punish violence against women and girls. However, the continued prevalence of violence against women and girls demonstrates that this global pandemic of alarming proportions is yet to be tackled with all the necessary political commitment, action and resources. Countries have made some progress and initiatives developed to address and prevent violence against women and girls have increased throughout the world in recent years.

However, gaps still remain in too many countries. As many as 1 in 4 women experience physical or sexual violence during pregnancy. Over 60 million girls worldwide are child brides, married before the age of 18.

Approximately 250,000 to 500,000 women and girls were raped in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Women aged 15-44 are more at risk from rape and domestic violence than from cancer, car accidents, war and malaria, according to World Bank data. Violence by an intimate partner The most common form of violence experienced by women globally is physical violence inflicted by an intimate partner, with women beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused.

Studies have found that rates of women suffering physical violence perpetrated by a current or former intimate partner range from 6 per cent in China and 7 per cent in Canada to over 48 per cent in Zambia, Ethiopia and Peru. In South Africa, a woman is killed every six hours by an intimate partner. In India, 22 women were killed each day in dowry-related murders in 2007.

  1. Between 250,000 and 500,000 women were raped during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.
  2. Female infanticide, prenatal sex selection and systematic neglect of girls are widespread in South and East Asia, North Africa, and the Middle East.
  3. According to the Major Cities Chiefs Association , which collected data from 61 metropolitan police agencies, U.

In Guatemala, two women are murdered, on average, each day. Sexual violence Sexual violence includes abusive sexual contact, making a woman engage in a sexual act without her consent, and attempted or completed sex acts with a woman who is ill, disabled, under pressure or under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.

Rates of sexual violence are difficult to establish because in many societies sexual violence remains an issue of deep shame for women and often their families. Statistics on rape from police records, for example, are notoriously unreliable because of significant underreporting.

According to the World Health Organization, the proportion of women suffering sexual violence by non-partners after the age of 15 varies from less than 1 per cent in Ethiopia and Bangladesh to between 10 and 12 per cent in Peru, Samoa and the United Republic of Tanzania. One effect of sexual abuse is traumatic gynecologic fistula: Sexual violence in conflict Sexual violence in conflict is a serious, present-day atrocity affecting millions of people, primarily women and girls.

It is frequently a conscious strategy employed on a large scale by armed groups to humiliate opponents, terrify individuals and destroy societies. Women and girls may also be subjected to sexual exploitation by those mandated to protect them. Women as old as grandmothers and as young as toddlers have routinely suffered violent sexual abuse at the hands of military and rebel forces. Rape has long been used as a tactic of war, with violence against women during or after armed conflicts reported in every international or non-international war-zone.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo approximately 1,100 rapes are being reported each month, with an average of 36 women and girls raped every day.

It is believed that over 200,000 women have suffered from sexual violence in that country since armed conflict began. Between 250,000 and 500,000 women were raped during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. Sexual violence was a characterizing feature of the 14-year long civil war in Liberia.

  • Over 60 million girls worldwide are child brides, married before the age of 18;
  • However, gaps still remain in too many countries;
  • According to the World Health Organization, the proportion of women suffering sexual violence by non-partners after the age of 15 varies from less than 1 per cent in Ethiopia and Bangladesh to between 10 and 12 per cent in Peru, Samoa and the United Republic of Tanzania;
  • In the Democratic Republic of Congo approximately 1,100 rapes are being reported each month, with an average of 36 women and girls raped every day.

During the conflict in Bosnia in the early 1990s, between 20,000 and 50,000 women were raped. Unwanted sex results in a higher risk of abrasion and bleeding and easier transmission of the virus. Over half of new HIV infections worldwide are occurring among young people between the ages of 15 and 24, and more than 60 per cent of HIV-positive youth in this age bracket are female.

While dowries or similar payments are prevalent worldwide, dowry murder occurs predominantly in South Asia. Women and girls account for about 80 per cent of the detected victims. It leads to high-risk pregnancies and pregnancy-related problems, including miscarriage, pre-term labour and low birth weight. Female infanticide, prenatal sex selection and systematic neglect of girls are widespread in South and East Asia, North Africa, and the Middle East.

Discrimination and violence Many women face multiple forms of discrimination and increased risk of violence. Indigenous women in Canada are five times more likely than other women of the same age to die as the result of violence.

In India, Dalit women experience high rates of sexual violence committed by men of higher caste.

Violent Crime Is On the Rise in U.S. Cities

In Europe, North America and Australia, over half of women with disabilities have experienced physical abuse, compared to one-third of non-disabled women. In the United States, 83 percent of girls aged 12 to 16 experience some for of sexual harassment in public schools.

They include the direct costs of services to treat and support abused women and their children and to bring perpetrators to justice. The indirect costs include lost employment and productivity, and the costs in human pain and suffering. In Canada, the annual costs of direct expenditures related to violence against women have been estimated at 684 million Canadian dollars for the criminal justice system, 187 million for police and 294 million for the cost of counselling and training, totalling more than 1 billion a year.

Trends and Statistics, p.

  • In-depth study on all forms of violence against women;
  • Countries have made some progress and initiatives developed to address and prevent violence against women and girls have increased throughout the world in recent years;
  • It is frequently a conscious strategy employed on a large scale by armed groups to humiliate opponents, terrify individuals and destroy societies;
  • International and regional legal instruments have clarified t he obligations of States to prevent, eradicate and punish violence against women and girls;
  • One effect of sexual abuse is traumatic gynecologic fistula;
  • According to the Major Cities Chiefs Association , which collected data from 61 metropolitan police agencies, U.

In-depth study on all forms of violence against women. Confronting the Crisis, chapter 6. Opportunity in Crisis, p. Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.