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An overview of the regions of colonial america and the role of the new england

  • He had a lead bullet embedded in his lower leg;
  • Jamestown becomes the royal colony of Virginia.

In small groups for each region, students will observe and note details of pictures, maps, and advertisements in order to describe each region.

Students will use historical reading skills to conclude how the geography and natural environment influenced the economic specialization of each region with special attention to the early colonial era. This lesson will prepare the learner for the concept of interdependence of the colonies as a result of specialization. Historical Background Colonial America depended on the natural environment to meet basic needs of the people and the colony.

  • The New England colonies practices a strictly Calvinist faith;
  • Despite this, a relatively small group of men dominated the provincial governments of New England;
  • History 110 - Dr;
  • Winthrop convinced the Narragansett - traditional enemies of the Pequot - to join forces with the English;
  • The Landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, Mass;
  • South Carolina , with close ties to both the Caribbean and Europe , produced rice and, after 1742, indigo for a world market.

Specialized economies quickly emerged as a result of human and environmental interaction. Colonial America also had regional differences among culture or historical reason for establishment as a colony. The Southern Colonies were established as economic ventures and were seeking natural resources to provide material wealth to the mother country and themselves. In contrast, the early New England colonists were primarily religious reformers and separatists. They were seeking a new way of life to glorify God and for the greater good of their spiritual life.

The Middle colonies welcomed people from various and diverse lifestyles. The social-political structure included all three varieties: Another difference is clearly noted in the human resources. New England had skilled craftsmen in the industry of shipbuilding. The Mid-Atlantic presented a diverse workforce of farmers, fisherman, and merchants.

The Southern Colonies were primarily agricultural with few cities and limited schools. As these regions developed highly specialized economies, each could not supply everything that was needed or at least not as effectively as an interdependent system — they relied on each other for certain items or skills.

The environment is ideal for water-powered machinery millswhich allowed for finished products to be crafted, such as woven cloth and metal tools. The middles colonies had rich farmland and a moderate climate. This made it a more suitable place to grow grain and livestock than New England. Their environment was ideal for small to large farms. The coastal lowland and bays provided harbors, thus the middle colonies were able to provide trading opportunities where the three regions meet in market towns and cities.

The Southern colonies had fertile farmlands which contributed to the rise of cash crops such as rice, tobacco, and indigo. Plantations developed as nearly subsistent communities. Slavery allowed wealthy aristocrats and large landowners to cultivate huge tracts of land. Notable differences are found in the way social life was structured among regions. For the people of the South, life emerged as rugged and rural while people of the North are heavily connected to the Church and village community.

  1. It all flowed downward to the people from a controlling higher authority; human rights were allocated to the people, or distributed to the people, or permitted to the people by an empowered greater entity whose reason for existence was to impose order and structure. The administration of justice , the election of representatives, and the collection of taxes often took place on the manor itself.
  2. Thus ended Indian resistance to English expansion in New England for several years. The General Assembly becomes largely independent of England.
  3. They were seeking a new way of life to glorify God and for the greater good of their spiritual life.

These cultural differences remained and shaped some of the confrontations that needed to be addressed during the Civil War. Lesson Objective How did climate, geographic features, and other available resources distinguish the three colonial regions from each other? How did people use the natural resources of their region to earn a living or have their basic needs met?

What are the benefits of specialization and trade? How did political and social life evolve in each of the three regions? Materials Historical Reading Skills: Student Handout Procedure Hook: Have you ever thought of living in a place that is totally different from here?

Take a moment to pick one place that is different from here. Describe the climate and the weather. Name some natural resources in that environment. Model historical thinking skills: An image of the Boston map is projected and students are asked to list objects they see. Students answer the questions from their PSA question sheet see student worksheet handout by raising their hands.

Teachers explain that some questions might not be appropriate for their picture, but the idea is to do the best they can and fill in as many details as they can.

Each group will have 4-5 pictures from one region. The students must work together to analyze which region they have and discuss the historical thinking questions. Students present their region to the class and show all of the images.

A script is provided at the bottom of the student handout. Assessment Students will demonstrate knowledge of their assigned region by creating a rough draft of a poster or brochure that will describe life in the colonial age.

Students will provide details on how people interacted with their environment to produce goods and services. In order to exceed the Standard, student will need to include an example of interdependence among the regional economies.

The student creation will be graded on a four-point formative rubric scale. References Hyde, Sir Thomas. A Plan of the town of Boston. From Library of Congress: Geography and Map Division http: Image of New England fishermen from a late 19th-century history book. Shows evidence of fishing industry and ruggedness of the environment.

Differences among colonial regions

Rare Book RR Repository: The Accident in Lombard Street. Hermitage 26 Acres of Land. The Old Plantation, c. Life of George Washington—The farmer. A plan of my farm on Little Huntg. Library of Congress American Memory Collection.