Custom papers academic service

History and treatment recommendations of a substance abusing individual essay

Treatment barriers identified by substance abusers assessed at a centralized intake unit

Thinking About Getting Rehab? Drug Trends Prior to 2000 Drug abuse has plagued the American continent since the 1800s, when morphine, heroin and cocaine were hailed for their amazing curative properties.

By the mid-20th century, however, illicit drug use was all but eradicated in the US through focused national and global suppression of the industry. All that changed in the 1960s when many new and exotic drugs, such as hallucinogens, amphetamines and marijuana, became more readily available.

  1. It started arriving in Europe and the Americas in bulk in the late 17th century, when it swiftly became a problem.
  2. The TIP will achieve its purpose to the extent that it assists counselors as they juggle immediate client needs, interactions in groups, tasks leading to recovery, and sheer human complexity.
  3. Psychological characteristics of individuals, elements of their lifestyles, and treatment system factors may all serve as barriers to successful linkage with treatment.
  4. Such encounters are possible because groups speak with the combined authority of people who have shared common experiences and common problems.

The proliferation of these substances birthed many government agencies, all commissioned to counter the scourge of illegal drugs. These bureaucracies, in turn, needed statistical information in order to effectively understand the scope of their task.

In due course, they discovered that: Between 1980 and 1984, first-time cocaine users averaged 1.

  • Because the factorial structure of the instrument had been proposed by the authors but was never confirmed analytically, both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted;
  • Where problems exist, they usually relate to one of two deficiencies;
  • This study sought to develop a psychometrically valid inventory for identifying substance abusers' views of barriers to treatment;
  • This study sought to determine if each variable was also associated with substance abusers' perceptions of treatment barriers.

By 1994, that number dwindled to 533,000. In 1995, 5,000,000 Americans confessed to smoking marijuana on a frequent basis. In 1996, the Office of Drug Control Policy detected an increase in heroin use among youth and young adults.

  • Other antecedents, such as the number of arrests and prior treatment experiences, may also influence treatment entry;
  • Adjustment — he felt that the accident was the end of any opportunity for a professional career, feeling hopeless, lack of enthusiasm for getting healthy;
  • Systematic research is needed to establish the nature of codependency and why it might be important Cermak 1991 ; Hurcom et al;
  • The panel hopes that this TIP will help counselors expand their awareness and comprehension of dynamics that might be going on in their current substance abuse treatment groups;
  • When substance abuse is part of the family, unique issues can arise.

Between 1992 and 1993, 5. Historical Drug Abuse Beer Since the dawn of history, mankind has found ways to relieve the daily grind of life. In ancient Mesopotamia the area now known as Iraqagriculture slowly began to flourish, and a large network of city states started to gain prominence. With the cultivation of wheat and barley came another product: After all, the water wasn't particularly healthy, and the weak alcohol content in beer killed off a lot of harmful organisms in the water.

While the beer wasn't particularly strong, it also wasn't particularly nice, as the concept of sterility was unknown in 3,000 BCE. However, beer was consumed in bulk, and even the gods enjoyed getting drunk.

Consequently, addiction to alcohol was rampant in the so-called cradle of civilization, and people during that time generally lived much shorter lives thanks to disease and, presumably, drunkenness. History of Drug Abuse Quiz question 1 Opium Throughout the time that beer was gaining popularity, the Indians, Assyrians and Egyptians were cultivating and preparing opium from the opium poppy.

Indeed, the upper classes of many civilizations would use this to relax and pass time, although some uses are much less benign. One Egyptian scroll recommends using opium to soothe a crying baby. History of Drug Abuse Quiz question 2 Hallucinogens and Natural Highs Moving on 15 centuries, the cults of Dionysus, Demeter and Persephone in ancient Greece used a special form of mead fermented honey or beer to induce visions known as mysteries.

Naturally, there is something very mystical in seeing hallucinations, and plants containing entheogens natural chemicals that induce hallucinations have been widely cultivated throughout the world; these include the peyote cactus, fly agaric, and cannabis.

Clearly, this is a form of drug abusealthough it was a socially acceptable one at the time. While the Romans embraced these drugs for recreational use because of the ease of obtaining them through trade, there was a long period of time after the fall of the Roman empire known as the Dark Ages where relatively few intoxicants were imported to Europe.

Over the Atlantic, the Aztecs, Incas and Mayans were experimenting with peyote, cannabis and mescaline to induce shamanic visions. History of Drug Abuse Quiz question 3 Cocaine During the second millennium, world trade started to be more prominent. After that, the American continent became ripe for development. Various conquistadors discovered the drugs that kept the locals going, especially cocainewhich was touted as a wonder cure for all ailments.

Sir Walter Raleigh famously introduced dried tobacco leaves to England, where they were controlled and taxed heavily. Again, abuse of tobacco led to very expensive addictions, as it was a risky but incredibly profitable voyage for those who made it over the Atlantic.

It started arriving in Europe and the Americas in history and treatment recommendations of a substance abusing individual essay in the late 17th century, when it swiftly became a problem. With improved ships that could carry more cargo, traders could get almost anywhere in the world and bring back whatever they could get their hands on. Without control, drugs ran rampant through middle and upper society. The poor were no better off; in Europe-particularly in Britain-gin had become a nuisance thanks to some exceptionally poorly thought-out laws, and in the Americas, cannabisrum and beer were proving problematic for colonists.

While the use of opium for dulling pain was well known by physicians worldwide, the real problem began with the isolation of morphine from opium in 1804. Introduced commercially in 1827, morphine quickly became the drug of choice, particularly after the advent of the hypodermic syringe in 1853. With few effective controls on its production and sale, it rapidly reached epidemic levels in the United States thanks to the American Civil War.

Around 45,000 soldiers came home from this war unable to function without morphine, according to Time's The Civil War: A similar effect was observed in the Franco-Prussian wars between France and Germany.

History of Drug Abuse Quiz question 5 In the late half of the 19th century, drug abuse was so widespread that Britain went to war twice with China to keep opium trade routes open, and these naturally became known as the Opium Wars. Cocaine was isolated in 1884 and quickly became yet another widespread drug of abuse.

  1. The treatment for either partner will affect both, and substance abuse treatment programs should make both partners feel welcome.
  2. This study sought to determine if each variable was also associated with substance abusers' perceptions of treatment barriers. In all of these cases, what is needed is a restructuring of the entire family system, including the relationship between the parents and the relationships between the parents and the children.
  3. Codependent people are thought to have several patterns of behavior.

Heroin and other opiates were synthesized and marketed as nonaddictive alternatives to morphine. Thanks to increased chemical and drug development in the 20th century, more drugs with abuse potential became available. LSD, methamphetamine and synthetic opiates are all relatively recent drugs. To counter the growing tide of addiction, drug laws became stricter, and drug addiction started to carry a serious social stigma.

Substance Abuse Clinical Assessment & Treatment Plan Essay

History of Drug Abuse Quiz question 6 Help is Available Fortunately, there are now places to help people with addictions lead a healthy life. While early 20th-century society felt drug addiction was a moral flaw, it is now regarded by many as a disease or a chronic issue that requires treatment to stop.

History of Drug Abuse

Consequently, if you call us at 1-888-744-0069 Who Answers?