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An essay on stalingrad during world war ii

The most important of the localized campaigns would be that against France. While this European program remained unfulfilled, it was imperative to avoid any World War, since only after the German Reich had come to dominate the whole European continent would it have the economic base and the territorial extent that were prerequisite for success in a great war, especially against maritime world powers.

Hitler had always contemplated the overthrow of the Soviet regime, and though he had congratulated himself on the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact of 1939 as a matter of expediency, anti-Bolshelism had remained his most profound emotional conviction.

His feelings had been stirred up afresh by the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States and of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina in June 1940 and by the consequent proximity of Soviet forces on the Romanian oil fields on which Germany depended.

Hitler became acutely suspicious of the intentions of the Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin, and he began to feel that he could not afford to wait to complete the subjugation of Western Europe before the dealing with the Soviet Union.

Hitler and his generals had originally scheduled the invasion of the USSR for-mid May 1941, but the unforeseen necessity of invading Yugoslavia and Greece in April of that year had forced them to postpone the Soviet campaign to late June. R and was to prove the more serious because in 1941 the Russian winter would arrive earlier than usual. Nevertheless, Hitler and the heads of the Oberkommando Des Heeres OHK, or German high commandnamely the army commander in chief Werner von Brauchitsch and the army general staff chief Franz Halder, were convinced that the Red Army could be defeated in two or three months, and that, by the end of October, the Germans would have conquered the whole European part of Russia and the Ukraine west of the line stretching from Archangel to Astrakhan.

The invasion of the Soviet Union was given the code name " Operation Barbarassa.

  • The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour to ensure their domination of the Asia Pacific region, brought the previously neutral America into the conflict in 1941, Green 2012 1 Corinne Harrison;
  • His feelings had been stirred up afresh by the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States and of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina in June 1940 and by the consequent proximity of Soviet forces on the Romanian oil fields on which Germany depended;
  • Casualty figures range from 1 to 2 million civilian and military deaths;
  • Bibliography Adolf Hitler
  • Comparative analysis of two accounts of westerners living in Russia in the 1930's Green, J.

As a major industrial centre, Stalingrad was an important prize in itself, and control of the city would have cut Soviet transport links with southern Russia via the Volga River. The German campaign against Stalingrad also served to anchor the northern flank of the larger German drive into the oil fields of the Caucasus.

The Germans knew that the capture of Stalingrad would be. The Soviets had over one million soldiers in reserve and to assault an enemy position you need a majority of 3: The Germans were outnumbered by 4: Yet many Germans mirrored the sentiment that "with a little effort the town should fall in two days. From the very first engagements in the western suburbs of Stalingrad it was clear that the Russian defenders were contesting every inch of the ground.

On 23 August an airstrike of 600 bombers was launched "killing 40,000 civilians", but not rousting the defenders. On that evening German troops reached Rynok, northern most suburb of Stalingrad. The Russians were mining and sabotaging buildings as they were ousted, creating death traps for the Germans, than reclaiming the same building after the Germans had detonated all explosives and killed themselves.

The Germans however still pushed on.

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Stalingrad was now under siege. Russian commander Marshal Zhukov was ordered to attack the north and northwest of Stalingrad. The next day saw one thousand German bombers fly missions over Stalingrad. On September 5, the first Soviet counterattack began and failed.

  • This volume includes coverage of Stalingrad;
  • Evaluation of the interwar Soviet programmes of industrialisation and collectivisation, and the associated creation of a new economic system, from the perspective of
  • Stalin calls upon the Soviet people to fight;
  • It can be argued that the work, education and training during the Five Year Plans unified Russian citizens in understanding and accepting the struggle towards socialism making them capable of accepting risk and danger to safeguard the revolution;
  • Hitler's Table Talk,

The following morning saw Russian reinforcements arrive and the two sides were now savagely attacking each other. On November 19, the Soviets launched a counterattack in the form of pincer movements north and south of the city and by the 23rd they had encircled the 6th Army and part of the 4th within Stalingrad.

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A German attempt to relieve Paulus failed in mid-December. Under orders from Aldof Hitler, Paulus continued to fight on, making possible the eventual escape of the beleaguered German forces from the Caucasus. On January 31,1943, Paulus disobeyed Hitler and surrendered, and on February 2 the last of the remainding 91,000 troops turned themselves over to the Soviets.

The Soviets recovered 250,000 German and Romanian corpses in and around Stlingrad and the total Axis losses Germans, Romanians, Italians and Hungarians are estimated to have been 800,000 dead. Official Russian military historians estimate that 1,100,000 Soviet solders lost their lives in the campaign to defend the city.

A Victory Of Courage And Coercion: British Historian On Stalingrad's Legacy

The German defeat at Stalingrad however, began to mark the turn of the war in the allies favour. I learnt to look in the school and local library for suitable source material. I learnt to look for information, using search engines on the Internet.

I learnt, before writing an essay, to read many sources to avoid bias. I learnt how to use Microsoft Word, learning new skills such as how to justifiy, using footnotes etc. I learnt the rules of historical writing which include how and when to use footnotes, how to write up a bibliography etc Bibliography Holmes, R.