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The long term effects of littering and pollution on the environment

Reasons, Consequences and Possible Solutions of Littering

Plastic waste, water pollution, soil runoff, and jars and bottles make up just a few of the human-made products and byproducts that can harm the Earth and the species that live on it. The damage can be physical — six-pack rings strangling marine life — or chemical — fertilizers causing algal blooms — but in either case, they can cause lasting damage to the flora and fauna of an area.

Plastic Waste Discarding plastic products, including grocery sacks, rapidly fills up landfills and often clog drains. When plastic litter drifts out to sea, animals like turtles or dolphins may ingest the plastic.

  • One of the major effects is that the chemicals dumped in cleanup sites leach underground and contaminate groundwater sources;
  • Rusty metals and dirty glass, for instance, can cut into skin causing infections such as tetanus;
  • Effects of Littering on Humans 1;
  • Similarly, it affects tourism as it makes city areas and roadsides look disgusting and tourists tend to avoid staying and even visiting areas that are littered;
  • Littering implies careless and improper disposal of trash;
  • Litterology, Karen Spehr and Rob Curnow, 2015.

The plastic creates health problems for the animals including depleting their nutrients and blocking their stomachs and intestines. Animals cannot break down plastic in their digestive system and will usually die from the obstruction.

  • Reasons, Consequences and Possible Solutions of Littering Littering can be defined as making a place or area untidy with rubbish, or incorrectly disposing waste;
  • Humans or animals that ingest these plants may get sick;
  • For subsequent offenses, fines and the duration of required community service increases;
  • One of the major effects is that the chemicals dumped in cleanup sites leach underground and contaminate groundwater sources.

Pieces of plastic can also get tangled around animals' bodies or heads and cause injury or death. Water Pollution Litter in Earth's water supply from consumer and commercial use creates a toxic environment.

The water is ingested by deer, fish and a variety of other animals. The toxins may cause blood clotting, seizures or serious medical issues that can kill animals.

How Does Pollution Affect All Living Things?

The toxic water may also kill off surrounding plant life on riverbanks and the bottom of a pond's ecosystem. When humans eat animals that have ingested compromised water supplies, they also can become sick. Sciencing Video Vault Soil Runoff Runoff from litter, polluted water, gasoline and consumer waste can infiltrate the soil. The soil absorbs the toxins litter creates and affects plants and crops.

  • This paper explores the reasons and consequences of littering and suggests possible solutions based on international experience;
  • They are carried over long distances over the globe affecting areas where these chemicals are not used;
  • The worry here is that careless disposal of trash is an eyesore as well as a gateway to problems with regards to hygiene and the environment;
  • The algae forms a carpet-like layer on the surface of the water which is hazardous to the marine life below it as it prevents oxygen from diffusing into the water.

The agriculture is often compromised and fails to thrive. Animals then eat those crops or worms that live in the soil and may become sick.

The Effects of Littering on the Environment & Animals

Humans who eat either the crops or the animals feeding on the infected agriculture can also become ill. Jars and Bottles Discarded jars and bottles usually do not biodegrade naturally and add to humanity's mounting litter problem.

  1. Some toxins, like mercury, settle onto plants and into water sources that are then consumed by animals.
  2. Animals then eat those crops or worms that live in the soil and may become sick.
  3. Such a selfish behaviour and disregard for hygiene leads to more litter collecting on the spot and as a result, it compounds the problem.

The litter remains in landfills and clogs sewers, streets, rivers and fields. Crabs, birds and small animals may crawl into the bottles looking for food and water and become stuck and slowly die from starvation and illness.

  1. Toxic substances from litter also accumulates in fish, exposing the people and animals further up the food chain to these pollutants. When consumed by animals, they reduce the stomach capacity since they cannot be digested.
  2. Animals that are are at the top of the food chain end up with the largest concentrations of toxins in their bodies.
  3. Uncomfortable and unpleasant Trash is an eyesore on the environment. Fire hazard Littering can also poses a risk to the environment as it can facilitate fire outbreak.
  4. When plastics are dumped inappropriately, they follow the path of water after heavy rains and eventually end up in drainage pipes and sewer channels. The toxins may cause blood clotting, seizures or serious medical issues that can kill animals.

The World Wide Fund for Nature reported some 1. References All About Water: The Effects of Bottled Water on the Environment About the Author Catherine Irving is a travel and lifestyle writer living in Brooklyn, New York and has been professionally freelance writing since 2002.

She's written for "Young Money," Kayak. Irving graduated with a bachelor's degree in film with a minor in English from Georgia State University.