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The dell theory of conflict prevention thomas friedman

Summary[ edit ] In his book The World Is Flat, Friedman recounts a journey to Bangalore, Indiawhen he realized globalization has changed core economic concepts. Friedman termed the period Globalization 3.

Tuesday, March 14, 2006

Friedman's capitalist peace theory called Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention is discussed in the book's penultimate chapter. Friedman repeatedly uses lists as organizational devices to communicate key concepts, usually numbered and often with provocative labels.

Two example lists are the ten forces that flattened the world, and three points of convergence. Ten flatteners[ edit ] Friedman defines ten "flatteners" that he sees as leveling the global playing field: Friedman called the flattener "When the walls came down, and the windows came up.

At that point, the basic platform for the revolution to follow was created: Netscape and the Web broadened the audience for the Internet from its roots as a communications medium used primarily by "early adopters and geeks" to something that made the Internet accessible to everyone from five-year-olds to ninety-five-year-olds.

The digitization that took place meant that everyday occurrences such as words, files, films, music, and pictures could be accessed and manipulated on a computer screen by all people across the world. This is Friedman's catch-all for the standards and technologies that allowed work to flow. It is the ability of machines to talk to other machines with no humans involved, as stated by Friedman.

Friedman believes those first three forces have become a "crude foundation of a whole new global platform for collaboration".

There was an emergence of software protocols SMTP — simple mail transfer protocol; HTML — the language that enabled anyone to design and publish documents that could be transmitted to and read on any computer anywhere Standards on Standards.

This is what Friedman called the "Genesis moment of the flat world". The net result "is that people can work with other people on more stuff than ever before". This created a global platform for multiple forms of collaboration.

The next six flatteners sprang from that platform. Uploading involves communities that upload and collaborate on online projects. Examples are open source software, blogs, and Wikipedia.

  1. This created a global platform for multiple forms of collaboration.
  2. Friedman's work history has been mostly with The New York Times , and that may have influenced the way the book was written — some would have preferred a book written in a more "inclusive voice". That is, developing nations do not want to risk the trust of the multinational companies that venture into their markets and include them in the global supply chain.
  3. Friedman's capitalist peace theory called Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention is discussed in the book's penultimate chapter. Making the workforce more adaptable, Friedman argues, will keep it more employable.
  4. In fact, going to war would be equivalent to sealing your own coffin because once major companies leave an area they may never return due to the political volatility.
  5. Netscape and the Web broadened the audience for the Internet from its roots as a communications medium used primarily by "early adopters and geeks" to something that made the Internet accessible to everyone from five-year-olds to ninety-five-year-olds. He also suggests that the government make it easier for people to switch jobs by making retirement benefits and health insurance less dependent on one's employer and by providing insurance that would partly cover a possible drop in income when changing jobs.

Friedman considers the phenomenon "the most disruptive force of all". Friedman argues that outsourcing has enabled companies to split service and manufacturing activities into components that can be subcontracted and performed in the most efficient, most cost-effective way. This process became easier with the mass distribution of fiber-optic cable during introduction of the World Wide Web. This is the internal relocation of a company's manufacturing or other processes to a foreign land to take advantage of less costly operations there.

China's entrance into the World Trade Organization allowed for greater competition on the playing field.

  • He describes how al-Quaeda uses globalisation, the Internet, global media in a way to promote their cause;
  • There was an emergence of software protocols SMTP — simple mail transfer protocol; HTML — the language that enabled anyone to design and publish documents that could be transmitted to and read on any computer anywhere Standards on Standards;
  • It merely says that countries are just now beginning to realize the consequences of war , and how it could affect their countries economic development for years to come;
  • Once a country lives under these standards, and feels what it is like to be part of a thriving economy, they will do anything to keep the bonds of the chain;
  • Proposed remedies[ edit ] Thomas Friedman believes that to fight the quiet crisis of a flattening world, the US workforce should keep updating its work skills;
  • Two example lists are the ten forces that flattened the world, and three points of convergence.

Now such countries as Malaysia, Mexico, and Brazil must compete against China and one another to have businesses offshore to them. Friedman compares the modern retail supply chain to a river by pointing to Wal-Mart as the best example of a company that uses technology to streamline item sales, distribution, and shipping.

Friedman uses UPS as a prime example for insourcing, whereby the company's employees perform services — beyond shipping — for another company. Google and other search engines and Wikipedia are the prime examples. The growth of search engines is tremendous; for example, Friedman states, Google is "now processing roughly one billion searches per day, up from 150 million just three years ago". The steroids are wireless, Voice over IP VoIPand file sharing and are used on personal digital devices like mobile phones, iPods, and personal digital assistants; on instant messaging; and on VoIP phones.

Proposed remedies[ edit ] Thomas Friedman believes that to fight the quiet crisis of a flattening world, the US workforce should keep updating its work skills. Making the workforce more adaptable, Friedman argues, will keep it more employable. He also suggests that the government make it easier for people to switch jobs by making retirement benefits and health insurance less dependent on one's employer and by providing insurance that would partly cover a possible drop in income when changing jobs.

Friedman also believes there should be more inspiration for youth to become scientists, engineers, and mathematicians because of a decrease in the percentage of those professionals who are American.

The Dell Theory stipulates: No two countries that are both part of a major global supply chain, like Dell's, will ever fight a war against each other as long as they are both part of the same global supply chain. This is because of the economic interdependence between nations that arises when a large corporation such as Dell has supply chain operations in multiple global locations and when developing nations in which supply chain operations commonly take place are reluctant to give up their newfound wealth.

In his previous book The Lexus and the Olive TreeFriedman argued that no two nations with a McDonald's franchise had ever gone to war with one another; this was known as the Golden Arches theory.

  1. They are simply only interested in destruction.
  2. The Dell Theory stipulates. The review closed with, "We've no real idea how the 21st century's history will unfold, but this terrifically stimulating book will certainly inspire readers to start thinking it all through".
  3. The next six flatteners sprang from that platform. Thomas Friedman also warns that the Dell theory should not be interpreted as a guarantee that nations that are deeply involved in global supply chains will not go to war with each other.
  4. Not only is the world not flat.
  5. This is because of the economic interdependence between nations that arises when a large corporation such as Dell has supply chain operations in multiple global locations and when developing nations in which supply chain operations commonly take place are reluctant to give up their newfound wealth.

Later, Friedman upgraded that theory into the "Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention" by saying that people or nations do not just want to have a better standard of living as symbolized by a McDonald's franchise in their downtown but also want to have that lump of the labor sector that is created by globalization. That is, developing nations do not want to risk the trust of the multinational companies that venture into their markets and include them in the global supply chain.

Thomas Friedman also warns that the Dell theory should not be interpreted as a guarantee that nations that are deeply involved in global supply chains will not go to war with each other. It means, rather, that the governments of those nations and their citizens will have very heavy economic costs to consider as they contemplate the possibility of war.

Such costs include long-term loss of the country's profitable participation in the global supply chain.

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This theory relates with how conflict prevention occurred between India and Pakistan in their 2001—2002 nuclear standoffwherein India was at risk of losing its global partners. The relationship between the People's Republic of China and Taiwan was also cited as an example of that theory: Critical reception[ edit ] The World Is Flat received generally positive popular and critical reception as well as some negative criticism, peppered with doubt.

The Washington Post called the book an "engrossing tour" and an "enthralling read". The review closed with, "We've no real idea how the 21st century's history will unfold, but this terrifically stimulating book will certainly inspire readers to start thinking it all through".

Friedman's work history has been mostly with The New York Timesand that may have influenced the way the book was written — some would have preferred a book written in a more "inclusive voice".

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Friedman is right that there have been dramatic changes in the global economy, in the global landscape; in some directions, the world is much flatter than it has ever been, with those in various parts of the world being more connected than they have ever been, but the world is not flat.

Not only is the world not flat: In it, Gray confirms Friedman's assertion that globalization is making the world more interconnected and, in some parts, richer but disputes the notion that globalization makes the world more peaceful or freer. Gray also declares, "least of all does it make it flat". Geography, Destiny, and Globalization's Rough Landscape 2008. The World is Flat 1st ed. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. The World is Flat: Updated and Expanded Release 2.

  • Netscape and the Web broadened the audience for the Internet from its roots as a communications medium used primarily by "early adopters and geeks" to something that made the Internet accessible to everyone from five-year-olds to ninety-five-year-olds;
  • This example helps shine a little light on how dependent one company is on many different companies and countries around the world;
  • Once a country lives under these standards, and feels what it is like to be part of a thriving economy, they will do anything to keep the bonds of the chain;
  • There is new type of geopolitical instability that has emerged in the recent past where the Dell Theory seems to be rendered unusable, and that is the emergence of non-state actors such as terrorists;
  • Most governments in developing countries are not willing to take this risk.

Further Updated and Expanded Release 3.